Publications


Authors wanted!
I am looking for authors for:
  1. Various articles in my encyclopedias (Information Science and Technology, Software Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering)
  2. Books for my book series (Applied Software Engineering, Image Processing, What Every Engineer Should Know About...)
My publisher is Taylor & Francis publishing group (CRC Press, Auerbach, Routledge, etc.), a longtime, worldwide leader in publishing. If you are a professor or seasoned professional I am looking I would love to consider your work for publication. Please contact me for more information.

I am also always looking for reviewers of articles for the encyclopedias- reviewing is the gateway to writing. If you are interested in reviewing please contact me via email.

Books

Click here for books.


Articles in peer reviewed journals and magazines

  1. Eric Wong, Xuelin Li and Phillip Laplante, "Be more familiar with our enemies and pave the way forward: A review of the roles bugs played in software failures," Journal of Systems and Software, vol. 133, October 2017, pp.68-94.
  2. Phillip A. Laplante and Joanna F. DeFranco,"Software Engineering of Safety-Critical Systems: Themes From Practitioners," IEEE Transactions on Reliability, vol. 66, no. 3, 2017, pp. 825-836.
  3. J. DeFranco and P. Laplante, "A content analysis process for qualitative software engineering research," Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering, vol. 13, no. 2, August 2017, pp. 129-141.
  4. J. DeFranco, M. Kassab, P. Laplante and N. Laplante, Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering, "The nonfunctional requirement focus in medical device software: a systematic mapping study and taxonomy," vol. 13, no. 2, August 2017, pp. 129-141.
  5. J. Voas and P. A. Laplante, "The IoT Blame Game," Computer, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 69-73, June 2017.
  6. Mohamad Kassab, Joanna DeFranco and Laplante, P., "Software Testing Practices in Industry: The State of the Practice," IEEE Software, March/April 2017.
  7. Jeffrey Voas and Phillip Laplante, "Curriculum Considerations for the Internet of Things," Computer, vol. 50, no. 1, Jan. 2017, pp. 72-75.
  8. Phillip A. Laplante, Mohamad Kassab, Nancy L. Laplante and Jeffrey M. Voas, "Building Caring Healthcare Systems in the Internet of Things,"IEEE Systems Journal, March 2017.
  9. Joanna F. DeFranco and Phillip A. Laplante, "A Review and Analysis of Software Development Team Communication Research,"IEEE Transactions on Professional Communications, vol. 60, no. 2, March 2017.
  10. Nancy Laplante, Phillip Laplante and Jeffrey Voas, "Caring: An Undiscovered 'Super-ility' of Smart Healthcare", Software, Nov/Dec 2016, pp.16-19.
  11. N. L. Laplante; P. A. Laplante; J. M. Voas,"Stakeholder Identification and Use Case Representation for Internet-of-Things Applications in Healthcare," IEEE Systems Journal, Sept. 2016.
  12. Phillip A. Laplante, Jeffrey M. Voas and Nancy L. Laplante, "Standards for the Internet of Things: A Case Study in Disaster Response," Computer, May 2016, pp. 40-43.
  13. Laplante, P. A. and N. L. Laplante, "The Internet of Things in Healthcare: Potential Applications and Challenges," IT Professional, May/June 2016, pp. 2-4.
  14. J. Ryoo, B. Malone, P.A. Laplante and P. Anand, "The Use of Security Tactics in Open Source Software Projects,"IEEE Transactions on Reliability, December 2015.
  15. Hassan Alkhatib, Paolo Faraboshchi, Eitan Frachtenberg, Hironori Kasahara, Danny Lange, Phil Laplante, Arif Merchant, Dejan Milojicic, Karsten Schwan, "What Will 2022 Look Like?: The IEEE CS 2022 Report," Computer, March 2015, pp. 68-77.
  16. Mohamad Kassab, Colin Neill, and Phillip Laplante, "Software Development Practices and Software Quality: A Survey," Software Quality Professional, vol. 16, no. 4, Sept. 2014.
  17. Phillip A. Laplante, "Licensing Professional Software Engineers: Seize the Opportunity," Communications of the ACM, vol. 57, no. 7, July 2014, pp. 38-40.
  18. Patrick Gray, Bo Sanden, Phillip Laplante, "Structural Epochs in Software," International Journal of Strategic Information Technology and Applications, vol. 5, no. 2, June 2014, pp. 1-12.
  19. Kassab, Mohamad, Colin Neill, and Phillip Laplante, "State of practice in requirements engineering: contemporary data." Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering, Spring 2014, pp. 1-7.
  20. Jonathan D. Strate and Phillip A. Laplante, "Using Lean Six Sigma to Reduce Effort and Cost in a Software Defect Tracking System," Software Quality Professional , vol. 16, no. 1, December 2013, pp. 17-25.
  21. Phillip A. Laplante, "Career Advice," IT Professional, vol. 15, no. 6, November/December 2013, pp. 7-9.
  22. James Bret Michael, Phillip Laplante, Jeffery Payne, Paul E. Black and Jeffrey M. Voas, "Does Security Trump Reliability?,"Computer, November 2013, pp. 84-87.
  23. Phillip A. Laplante, "Who's Afraid of Big Data?", IT Professional, vol. 15, no. 3, September/October 2013, pp. 6-7.
  24. Nathan Carlson and Phil Laplante, "The NASA automated requirements measurement tool: a reconstruction," Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering, September, 2013, pp. 1-15.
  25. Jonathan D. Strate and Phillip A. Laplante, "A Literature Review of Research in Software Defect Reporting," IEEE Transactions on Reliability, vol. 62, no. 2, April 2013, pp. 444-454.
  26. Phillip A. Laplante, "Courses for the Masses?,"IT Professional, vol. 15, no. 2, March/April 2013, pp. 57-59.
  27. P. A. Laplante, "An International Perspective on U.S. Licensure of Software Engineers,"Technology and Society, vol.32, no.1, Spring 2013, pp.28-30.
  28. Phillip A. Laplante, Beth Kalinowski, Mitchell Thornton, "A Principles and Practices Exam Specification to Support Software Engineering Licensure in the United States of America," Software Quality Professional, vol. 15, no. 1, January, 2013, pp. 4-15.
  29. Phillip A. Laplante, "Safe and Secure Software Systems: The Role of Professional Licensure,"IT Professional, vol. 14, no. 6, 2012, pp. 51-53.
  30. Nil Kilcay-Ergin and Phillip A. Laplante,"An Online Graduate requirements Engineering Course,"IEEE Transactions on Education, vol. 56, no. 2, May 2013, pp. 199-207 (first appeared online, September 2012).
  31. W. Roger Davis, Phillip A. Laplante, Bo I. Sanden, "A Real-Time Virtual Machine Implementation for Small Microcontrollers," NASA Innovations in Software and Systems, August 12, 2012, DOI 10.1007/s11334-012-0188-1
  32. Phillip A. Laplante, "Farewell to the Space Shuttle," IT Professional, March/April 2012, pp. 10-12.
  33. Phillip A. Laplante, "Econ 101 for Cloud Enthusiasts," IT Professional, Jan/Feb 2012, pp. 12-15.
  34. Barcus Jackson, Caroline Howard, Phillip Laplante, "Use of Technology in the Household: An Exploratory Study," International Journal of Strategic Information Technology and Applications, vol. 2, no. 4, October-December, 2011, pp. 20-29.
  35. Phillip A. Laplante, "Ender Wiggin Played Mafia Wars Too," IT Professional, July/ August, 2011, pp. 6-8.
  36. Dejan Milojicic, Phil Laplante, "Special Technical Communities," Computer, June 2011, pp. 84.-88.
  37. Robin Gandhi, Anup Sharma, William Mahoney, William Sousan, Qiuming Zhu and Phillip Laplante , "Dimensions of Cyber-Attacks," Technology and Society, Spring 2011, pp. 28-38.
  38. Jeffrey Voas, George F. Hurlburt, Keith W. Miller, Phillip A. Laplante, Bret Michael, "Thoughts on Higher Educational and Scientific Research," IT Professional, March/April 2011, pp. 6-9.
  39. Norita Ahmad and Phillip A. Laplante, "A Systematic Approach to Evaluating Open Source Software," International Journal of Strategic Information Technology and Applications, vol. 2, no. 1, January-March, 2011, pp. 48-67.
  40. Phil Laplante, George Hurlburt, Keith Miller, and Jeff Voas, "Certainty through Uncertainty?," Computer, February 2011, pp. 79-81.
  41. George Hurlburt, Jeff Voas, Keith Miller, Phil Laplante and Brett Michael, "A Nonlinear Perspective on Higher Education," Computer, December 2010, pp. 90-92.
  42. Phillip A. Laplante, "Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego: and is She a Software Engineer," IT Professional, November/December 2010, pp. 10-13.
  43. Don Shafer and Phillip A. Laplante, "The BP Oil Spill: Could Software be a Culprit?," IT Professional, September/October 2010, pp. 6-9. Reprinted in Annual Editions: Technologies, Social Media, and Society; McGraw Hill/Dushkin, 2011. Also Reprinted in Engineering Management Review, vol. 39, no.4, 2011, pp.11-15.
  44. Keith W. Miller, Jeffrey Voas and Phil Laplante, "In Trust We Trust," Computer, October 2010, pp. 91-93.
  45. Phillip A. Laplante, "Exploratory Testing for Mission Critical, Real-Time, and Embedded Systems," in "IEEE Reliability Society Technical Operations Annual Technology Report for 2010," IEEE Transactions on Reliability, vol. 59, no. 3, September 2010, pp. 460-461.
  46. Phil Laplante, "Nexialism and the Law of Unintended Consequences," IT Professional, July/August, 2010, pp. 58-60.
  47. Phil Laplante and Joanna DeFranco, "Another Ode to Paranoia," IT Professional, May/June, 2010, pp. 57-59.
  48. Jeffrey Voas and Phillip Laplante, "End Brake Retarder Prohibitions: Defining Shall Not Requirements Effectively," IT Professional, May/June, 2010, pp. 46-52.
  49. Phillip A. Laplante, "IT Predictions 2010," IT Professional, Jan/Feb 2010, pp. 53-56.
  50. Joel Confino and Phillip A. Laplante, "An Open Source Software Evaluation Model," International Journal of Strategic Information Technology and Applications, vol. 1, no. 1, January, 2010, pp. 60-77.
  51. Robert Bucholz and Phillip A. Laplante, "A dynamic capture-recapture model for software defect prediction," Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering: A NASA Journal, vol. 5, no. 4, July 2009, pp. 265-270.
  52. Phillip A. Laplante and Norita Ahmad, "Pavlov's Bugs: Matching Repair Policies with Rewards," IT professional, vol. 11, no. 4, July/August, 2009, pp. 45-51.
  53. Jungwoo Ryoo, Phil Laplante, and Rick Kazman, "In Search of Architectural Patterns for Software Security," Computer, vol. 42, no. 6, June 2009, pp. 98-100.
  54. Phillip A. Laplante, Robert Bucholz, and Albert Elcock, "Some Progress in Software Testing Technology," in "IEEE Reliability Society Technical Operations Annual Technology Report for 2008," IEEE Transactions on Reliability, vol. 58, no. 2, June 2009, pp. 254-256.
  55. P. Laplante, J. Rockne, P. Montushi, T. Baldwin, M. Hinchey, L. Shafer, J. Voas, and W. Wang, "Quality in Conference Publishing," IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, vol. 52, no. 2, June 2009, pp. 183-196.
  56. Norita Ahmad and Phillip Laplante "Using The Analytical Hierarchy Process In Selecting Commercial Real-Time Operating Systems," International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making, vol. 8, no. 1, April 2009, pp. 151-168.
  57. Phil Laplante, Bret Michael, and Jeffrey Voas, "Cyberpandemics: History, Inevitability, Response," Security & Privacy, vol. 7, no.1, January/February 2009, pp. 63-67.
  58. Phillip A. Laplante, "Great Papers in Computer Science: A Retrospective," Journal of Scientific and Practical Computing, vol. 2, no. 1, December 2008, pp. 31–35.
  59. Phillip A, Laplante, "IT Predictions for 2009," IT Professional, November/December, 2008, pp. 56-63.
  60. Raghvinder S. Sangwan, Pamela Vercellone-Smith, and Phillip A. Laplante, "Structural Epochs in the Complexity of Software over Time," Software, July/August, 2008, pp. 66-73.
  61. Phil Laplante, "Open Source: The Dark Horse of Software," Computing Reviews, July 2008, online at http://www.reviews.com/hottopic/hottopic_essay_09.cfm
  62. Phil Laplante, Jeff Voas, Jia Zhang, "What's in a Name: Distinguishing between SaaS and SOA," IT Professional, May/June 2008, pp. 31-35.
  63. Phil Laplante, "IT Predictions for 2008," IT Professional, January/February 2008, pp. 62-64.
  64. Norita Ahmad and Phillip A. Laplante, "Reasoning About Software Using Metrics and Expert Opinion," Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering: A NASA Journal, vol. 3, no. 4, December 2007, pp. 229-235.
  65. Phillip Laplante, Anthony Gold, and Thomas Costello, "Open Source Software: Is It Worth Converting?," IT Professional, July/August 2007, pp. 28-33.
  66. Jeffrey M. Voas and Phillip A. Laplante, "Standards Confusion and Harmonization," Computer, July 2007, pp. 94-96.
  67. Jeff Voas and Phil Laplante, "The Services Paradigm: Who Can You Trust?," IT Professional, May/June 2007, pp. 52-55.
  68. Phil Laplante, Robert Hoffman, and Gary Klein, "Antipatterns in the Creation of Intelligent Systems," Intelligent Systems, January/February 2007, pp. 91-95. Reprinted in Robert R. Hoffman (editor), Collected Essays on Human-Centered Computing, 2001-2011, IEEE Computer Society Press, 2013, pp. 75-81.  
  69. Walter Cedeño and Phillip A. Laplante, "An Overview of Real Time Systems," Journal of Laboratory Automation, February 2007, pp. 40-45.
  70. Phillip A. Laplante, "The Joy of Spam," Queue, vol. 4, no. 9, 2006, pp. 54-56.
  71. Colin Neill and Phil Laplante, "Paying Down Design Debt with Strategic Refactoring," Computer, December 2006, pp. 113-116.
  72. Albert Elcock and Phillip A. Laplante, "Testing Without Requirements," Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering: A NASA Journal," vol. 2, December 2006, pp. 137-145.
  73. Phillip A. Laplante, "An Agile, Graduate, Software Studio Course," IEEE Transactions on Education, vol. 49, no. 4, November 2006, pp. 417-419.
  74. Raghvinder Sangwan and Phillip Laplante, A Global View of Test Driven Development: Communications is the Key, IT Professional, September/October, 2006, pp. 25-29.
  75. Phillip A. Laplante, Colin Neill, and Raghvinder Sangwan, "Healthcare Professionals' Perceptions of Medical Software Systems And What To Do About It," Computer, April; 2006, pp. 28-29.
  76. Phillip A. Laplante and Thomas Costello, "IT Best Practices: CIO Wisdom," IT Professional, Jan/Feb., 2006, pp. 17-23.
  77. Phillip A. Laplante, "It Isn't Your Father's Real-Time Anymore," Queue, vol. 4, no. 1, January 2006, pp. 63-64.
  78. Phillip A. Laplante, "Whipping Up Some Gourmet Software," IT Professional, Nov/Dec 2005, pp. 39-42.
  79. Phillip A. Laplante, "Professional Licensing and the Social Transformation of Software Engineers," Technology and Society, Summer 2005, pp. 40-45.
  80. Phillip A. Laplante, "My Story of my Father and the Second Generation of Computer Pioneers," Annals of the History of Computing,  vol. 28, no. 2, April-June, 2006, pp. 70-73.
  81. Phillip A. Laplante, "Mal Managerium: A field guide to watching and handling bad tech managers," Queue, vol. 3, no.4, May 2005, pp. 62-64.
  82.   Phillip A. Laplante and Don. M. Bain, "The Changing Role of the CIO,"  IT Professional,   May/June 2005, pp. 45-49.
  83. Phillip A. Laplante and Colin J. Neill, "Modeling Uncertainty in Software Engineering Using Rough Sets," Innovations in Software and Systems : A NASA Journal, vol. 1,  2005, pp. 71-78. 
  84. Phillip A. Laplante , "Computing Requirements for Self-Repairing Space Systems," Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information, and Communication, vol. 2, no. 3, March 2005, pp. 154-169.
  85. Phillip A. Laplante, "The Potemkin Village and Other Myths of Deception," IT Professional, February 2005, pp. 63-64.
  86. Phillip A. Laplante, "Real-Time Imaging," Potentials, December/January, 2004/2005, pp. 8-10.
  87. Phillip A. Laplante, "Coping with the Certainty of Uncertainty in Real-Time Systems," Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 7, no. 4, December 2004, pp. 44-50.
  88. Phillip A. Laplante, "Criteria and an Objective Approach to  Selecting Commercial Real-Time Operating Systems Based on Published Information," Journal of Computers and Applications, vol. 27, No. 2,  2005, pp. 82-96.
  89. Raghvinder S. Sangwan, Robert S. Ludwig, Colin J. Neill, Phillip A. Laplante, "Building Reusable Components for Real-Time Imaging Systems," Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, vol.49, no. 2, 2005, pp. 154-162.
  90. Phillip Laplante, "The Burning Bag of Dung : And Other Environmental Antipatterns," Queue, October 2004, pp. 78-80.
  91. R. Sangwan, C.J. Neill, P.A. Laplante, D. Paulish and W. Kuhn. "A Framework for Agile Development in Outsourced Environments," WSEAS Transactions on Systems, vol. 3, no. 5, November 2004, pp. 1530-1537.
  92. D.E. Cloutier, C.J. Neill and P.A. Laplante. "A Design Pattern for Deadlock-free Concurrent Object-Oriented Systems,"  WSEAS Transactions on Systems, vol. 3, no. 5, November 2004, pp. 1644-1650.
  93. Tom Jepsen, Phil Laplante, Joseph Williams, Ken Christian, Dan Ferrante, Morris Chang, Gil Miller, "Software in the New Millenium: A Virtual Roundtable," IT Professional, September 2004, pp. 10-17.
  94. Phillip A. Laplante and Will Gilreath, "One Instruction Set Computers for Image Processing," Journal of VLSI Signal  Processing Systems, vol. 38, no. 1, August 2004, pp. 45-61.
  95. Jeffrey  Nash and Phillip Laplante, "A Real-Time Control System to Control Aircraft Propeller Pitch," Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information, and Communication, vol. 1, April 2004, pp.198-212.
  96. Phillip A. Laplante, "First, Do No Harm," Queue, vol. 2, no. 4, May 2004, pp. 14-18.
  97. M.H. Lutz, C.J. Neill and P.A. Laplante, "Database Portable Software," C/C++ Users Journal, vol. 22, no. 3, March 2004, pp. 16-20. Accompanying source code available from ftp://ftp.cuj.com/pub/2004/cujmar2004.zip
  98. Phillip A. Laplante, "Staying Clear of Boiling Frog Syndrome," IT Professional, March/April, 2004, pp. 56-58.
  99. Div Sinha and Phillip A. Laplante, "A Rough Set Based Approach to Handling Spatial Uncertainty in Binary Images," Engineering Application of AI, vol. 17, no. 1, February 2004, pp. 97-110.
  100. Phillip A. Laplante and Colin Neill, "The Demise of the Waterfall Model is Imminent and Other Urban Myths of Software Engineering,"  Queue, vol. 1, No. 10, February 2004, pp. 10-15.
  101. Phillip A. Laplante, Pawan Singh, Sudi Bindiganavile, Tom Costello, Mark Landon, "The Who, What, Where, Why, and When of  IT Outsourcing,"  IT Professional, January/February 2004, pp. 37-41. Reprinted in Russian.
  102. Michael Piovoso and Phillip A. Laplante, "Kalman Filter Recipes for Real-Time Image Processing," Real-Time Imaging,  vol. 9, no. 6, December  2003, pp.433-439.
  103. Phillip A. Laplante and Fredrick C. Woolsey, IEEE 1473: A Communications Protocol for Railway Vehicles, IT Professional, November 2003, pp. 12-16.
  104. Phillip A. Laplante, "Stand up and Deliver: Why I Hate Stand Up Meetings," Queue, vol. 1, no. 7, October 2003, pp. 7-9.
  105. Colin J. Neill and Phillip A. Laplante, "Requirements Engineering: The State of the Practice",  Software, vol. 20, no. 6, November 2003, pp. 40-46.
  106. Phillip A. Laplante, "Trivial Pursuit and the Art of IT Applicant Exams," IT Professional, May/June 2003, pp. 62-64.
  107. Colin J. Neill and Phillip A. Laplante, "Specification of Real-Time Imaging Systems using UML", Real-Time Imaging, Vol. 9, No.2, April 2003, pp. 125-137.
  108. Phillip A. Laplante, "Remember the Human Element in IT Project Management," IT Professional, Jan/Feb 2003, pp. 46-50. Reprinted in Russian.
  109. Phillip A. Laplante and Colin J. Neill, "Software Specification and Design for Imaging Systems," Journal of Electronic Imaging, vol. 12, no. 2, 2003, pp. 252-262.
  110. Michael Lutz and Phillip A. Laplante, "An Analysis of the Real-time Performance of C#," Software, January/February, 2003, pp. 74-80. Reprinted in Distributed Systems Online, dsonline.computer.org/0302/f/sp1lap.htm .
  111. William F. Gilreath and Phillip A. Laplante, "A One Instruction Computing Paradigm for Biological Computing",  International Journal of Computer Research, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2002, pp. 485-504.
  112. Phillip A. Laplante, "A Retrospective on Real-time Imaging, a New Taxonomy and a Roadmap for the Future," Real-Time Imaging, vol. 8, no.5, October 2002, pp. 413-425.
  113. Alexander Stoyenko,  Thomas Marlowe and Phillip Laplante, "A Description Language for Engineering of Complex Real-Time Systems," Real-Time Systems Journal, vol. 11, no. 3, November 1996, pp. 223-244.
  114. Purnendu Sinha, Sergey Gorinsky,  Phillip A. Laplante and Alexander D. Stoyenko, "A Survey of Real-Time Imaging,"  The Journal of Electronic Imaging, vol. 5, no. 4, October 1996, pp. 466-478.
  115. Robert Shaw, Phillip Laplante, José Salinas and Rosemary Riccone, "A Multimedia Learning System for the Hearing Impaired,"  Multimedia Tools and Applications, vol. 2, no. 3, July 1996, pp. 55-70.
  116. T. J. Marlowe, A. D. Stoyenko,  P. A. Laplante, R. S. Daita, C. C. Amaro,  C. M. Nguyen  and S. L. Howell, "Multiple-Goal Objective Functions for Optimization on Task Assignment in Complex Computer Systems," Control Engineering Practice, vol. 4, no. 2, February, 1996, pp. 251-256.
  117. P. A. Laplante and D. Sinha, "Handling Uncertain Data in Imaging Systems," IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Volume 26, No. 1, February 1996, pp. 21-28.
  118. T. Lewis, D. Power, B. Meyer, J. Grimes, M. Potel, R. Vetter, P. Laplante, W. Pree, Gustav Promberger, M. D. Hill, J. R. Larus, D.A. Wood, H. El-Rewini and Bruce W. Weide,  "Where is Software Headed: A Retrospective Look Forward," Computer,  vol. 28, no. 8, August, 1995, page 20-32.
  119. P. Laplante, T. Marlowe  and A. Stoyenko, "Mechanism Requirements for a Real-Time Image Processing Language,"  Control Engineering Practice, vol. 3, no. 6, June 1995, pp. 855-861.
  120. Phillip A. Laplante and Harvey Flaxman, "The Convergence of Technology and Creativity in the Corporate Workplace," IEEE Transactions on Professional Communications, vol. 38, no. 1, March 1995, pp. 20-23.
  121. Phillip A. Laplante, Rose, Eileen, and Maria Gracia-Watson, "An Historical Survey of Early Real-Time Computing: Developments in the U.S.," Real-Time Systems Journal, vol. 8, no. 3/4, March 1995, pp. 199-213.
  122. Schoch, D., and P. A. Laplante, "A Framework for Real-Time Systems Architecture," IBM Systems Journal, vol. 34, no. 1, January 1995, pp. 22-38.
  123. Alexander D. Stoyenko, Phillip Laplante, Thomas J. Marlowe  and Robert Harrison, "Doubling the Engineer's Utility," Spectrum, December 1994, pp. 32-39.
  124. Phillip A. Laplante, "A Reading List of Classic Papers for Computer Science Majors," Mathematics and Computer Science Education, vol. 28, no. 2, Spring 1994, pp. 198-204.
  125. P. A. Laplante, "Fault-Tolerant Control of Real-Time Systems in the Presence of Single Event Upsets," Control Engineering Practice, vol. 1, no. 5, October 1993, pp. 9-16.
  126. Phillip A. Laplante, "Design issues in real-time,"  Potentials, February, 1993, pp. 24-26.
  127. Phillip A. Laplante and James Borja, "An Automated Smith Charting Tool," Microwave Journal, May 1987, pp. 373-378.

Articles in refereed proceedings

  1. P. Laplante and D. Milojicic, "Rethinking operating systems for rebooted computing," IEEE International Conference on Rebooting Computing, San Diego, October 2016, pp. 1-8.
  2. Phillip A. Laplante and Nancy L. Laplante, "A Structured approach for describing healthcare applications for the Internet of Things," 2015 IEEE 2nd World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT), Milan Italy, Dec. 14-16, 2015, pp.621-625. (Best Conference Paper Award).
  3. M. A. Thornton, T. W. Manikas and P. A. Laplante,"Embedded and Real-time Systems Classes in Traditional and Distance Format," Frontiers in Education Conference, October 23-26, 2013, pp. 1379-1385.
  4. Jungwoo Ryoo, Phillip Laplante, and Rick Kazman, "Revising a Security Tactics Hierarchy through Decomposition, Reclassification, and Derivation," Software Security and Reliability (SERE 2012), Gaithersburg, VA, June 20-22, 2012.
  5. Peter Wiesner, William R. Tonti, Allan Tear, Phillip Laplante, Dipak Patel, Randi Sumner and Hal Flescher, "Technology Navigator: A tool for zoning in," Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE), Arlington, VA, October 27-30, 2010, pp.S1E-1-S1E-5, 27-30.
  6. Ryoo, J., R. Kazman, and P. Laplante, "Utilizing the Specifications of Security Tactics as the Baseline for Creating Traceability Metrics", in Proc. of The 11th International Workshop on Information Security Applications (WISA 2010), Jeju Island, Korea, August 2010, pp. 65-66.
  7. Kevin Liu, Ricardo Valerdi, Phillip Laplante, "Better Requirements Decomposition Guidelines Can Improve Cost Estimation of Systems Engineering and Human Systems Integration," 8th Annual Conference on Systems Engineering Research, March 17-19, Hoboken, NJ 2010.
  8. Jungwoo Ryoo, Phil Laplante, and Rick Kazman, "A Methodology for Mining Security Tactics from Security Patterns," 43rd Hawaii Conference on Systems Sciences, January 5-8, Koloa, Kuaui, HI, 2010.
  9. Jungwoo Ryoo, Phillip Laplante, and Rick Kazman. Open source-based strategies for security tactics retrieval. In Proceedings of the 10th Korean Computer Scientists and Engineers Association (KOCSEA) in America Technical Symposium, Las Vegas, NV, December 2009.
  10. Jungwoo Ryoo and Phillip Laplante, Architectural Security, In Proceedings of the 42nd Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences (HICSS 2009): Trust and Dependability Workshop, HI, January 5, 2009.
  11. Norita Ahmad and Phillip A. Laplante, "Employing Expert Opinion and Software Metrics for Reasoning About Software," Third IEEE International Symposium on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing (DASC 2007), September 2007, Columbia, Maryland, USA, pp. 119-124
  12. Magnus E. Larsson and Phillip A. Laplante, "On the Complexity of Design in Imaging Software, Proc. 11th IEEE Conference on Engineering of Complex Computer Systems, Palo Alto, CA, August 2006, pp. 37-42.
  13. Melissa M. Simmons, Pam Vercellone-Smith, Phillip A. Laplante,"Understanding Open Source Software through Software Archaeology: The Case of Nethack," Proc. 30th NASA Software Engineering Workshop, Columbia MD, April 2006, pp. 47-55.
  14. Norita Ahmad and Phillip A. Laplante, Software Project Management Tools: Making a Practical Decision Using AHP, Proc. 30th NASA Software Engineering Workshop, Columbia MD, April 2006, pp. 76-82.
  15. R. Sangwan, C.J. Neill, P.A. Laplante, D. Paulish and W. Kuhn. "A Framework for Agile Development in Outsourced Environments," Proc. of the 4th WSEAS Int. Conf. on Information Science, Communications and Applications, Miami, on disk. Also in WSEAS Transactions on Systems.
  16. D.E. Cloutier, C.J. Neill and P.A. Laplante. "A Design Pattern for Deadlock-free Concurrent Object-Oriented Systems," Proc. of the 4th WSEAS Int. Conf. on Information Science, Communications and Applications, Miami, on disk. Also in WSEAS Transactions on Systems.
  17. C.J. Neill, P. A. Laplante, "Imaging Frameworks: Design for Reuse in Real-Time Imaging," Proc. Real-Time Imaging Conference, SPIE, San Jose, January 2004, pp. 1-9.
  18. Robin Qiu and Phillip Laplante, "Design and Development of Component-based Equipment Connectivity for Semiconductor Manufacturing," Proc. International Conference on Control Automation, Montreal, June 2003, pp. 63-67.
  19. Peter Wiesner, Phil Laplante, Matt Loeb, and Tara Gallus, "Virtual Communities for the Technical Professional," Proc. ASEE Annual Conference, Nashville, 2003, available at www.asee.org/conferences/proceedings.
  20. Div Sinha and Phil Laplante "Handling Spatial Uncertainty in Binary Images: A Rough Sets Approach," Proc. Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing Conference, PSU Great Valley, October 2002, pp. 610-620.
  21. Peter Wiesner and Phil Laplante, "Virtual Communities and Globalization," Proc. ASEE Mid-Atlantic Conference, Manhattan College, October 2002.
  22. Phillip A. Laplante and Peter Wiesner, "A Model For Development of A Career Roadmap For Electrical Engineers," Proc. Conference on Industry and Education Collaboration, ASEE, Sarasota FL, February 2002, on CD.
  23. A. D. Stoyenko, Marlowe, Thomas J., Michael G. Hinchey, Sanjoy Baruah and Phillip A. Laplante, "Real-Time Systems Education Must Include Systems Education," Proc. Workshop on Real-Time Systems Education, Daytona Beach Fl, August 1996.
  24. J. Marlowe, A. D. Stoyenko, P. Laplante, N. Jones, C. C. Amaro, P. Sinha, B. -C. Cheng, M. Harelick, "Testing Network Assignment Algorithm with a Structured Workload Generator," Seventh Annual Software Technology Conference, Salt Lake City, April, 1995.
  25. Carlos C. Amaro, Matthew Harelick, Alexander D. Stoyenko, Thomas J. Marlowe, Phillip A. Laplante, Purnendu Sinha, Ami A. Silberman, Nicola Jones, Bo-Chao Cheng and Tuna Tugcu, "Economics of Resource Allocation," Proc. 1994 Complex Systems Engineering Assessment Technology Workshop, Greenbelt MD, July 1994, pp. 195-201.
  26. P. Laplante, T. Marlowe, and A. Stoyenko, "Requirements for a Real-Time Image Processing Language," Proc. 19th Annual IFAC/IFIP Workshop on Real Time Programming, Reichenau Germany, June 1994.
  27. A. D. Stoyenko, T. J. Marlowe, P. Laplante, R. S. Daita, C. Amaro, C. M. Nguyen and S. L. Howell, "Multiple‑Goal Objective Functions for Optimization of Task Assignment in Complex Computer Systems," Proc. 19th Annual IFAC/IFIP Workshop on Real Time Programming, Reichenau Germany, June 1994.
  28. Phillip A. Laplante and Harvey Flaxman, "The Convergence of Technology and Creativity in the Corporate Workplace," Proc. Fifth Annual Conference on Corporate Communications, Madison NJ, June 1994, pp. 29-32.
  29. Wolfgang A. Halang, Phillip A. Laplante and Alexander D. Stoyenko, "Achieving Synchronization in Multimedia and Virtual Reality Applications," Proc. Workshop on the Role of Real-Time in Multimedia/Interactive Computing Systems, Raleigh-Durham, November 30, 1993, pp. 72-76.
  30. A. D. Stoyenko, L. R. Welch, P. Laplante, T. J. Marlowe, C. Amaro, B. -C. Cheng, A. K. Ganesh, M. Harelick, X. Jin, and G. Yu, "A Platform for Complex Real-Time Applications," Proc. 1993 Complex Systems Engineering Assessment Technology Workshop, Greenbelt MD, July 1993, pp. 172-178.
  31. T. J. Marlowe, A. D. Stoyenko, L. R. Welch, P. A. Laplante, and S. Masticola, "Incremental Analysis for Reuse and Change in Hard-Real-Time Systems," Proc. IEEE Workshop on Real-Time Operating Systems and Software, Pittsburgh, May, 1993, pp. 85-92. Reprinted in the Real-Time Systems Newsletter, vol. 9, no. 1/2, Spring/Summer 1993.
  32. Phillip Laplante, and David Zalewski, "A Real-Time Image Filtration System," Proc. First IEEE Workshop on Real-Time Applications, New York City, May 1993, pp. 153-154. 
  33. P. A. Laplante and D. Zalewski, "A Highly Parallel Real-Time Image Filtration System," Proc. First IEEE Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Real-Time Systems, Newport Beach, April 1993, pp. 61-65.
  34. Phillip A. Laplante, Ajmal H. Arastu and Michael E. McLane, "The Software Life Cycle and Its Relation to System Test," Proc. Third AT&T Software Quality Symposium, Holmdel NJ, December 1988, pp. 33-37.
  35. Phillip A. Laplante, "Some Thoughts on Cleanroom Software Development and Its Impact on System Test," Proc. Third AT&T Software Quality Symposium, Holmdel NJ, December 1988, pp. 86-90.
  36. Phillip A. Laplante, "Software Considerations for Single Event Upsets," Proc. 12th Biennial Guidance Test Symposium, October 1985, Alamagordo NM, pp. 400-414.

Articles in proceedings refereed by abstract

  1. Sangwan, R., Laplante, P. and Vercellone-Smith, P. "Measuring the Complexity of Design in Real-Time Imaging Software," in Proceedings of the Electronic Imaging Science and Technology, vol. 6496, San Jose, CA, USA, 18 – 20 January 2007, pp. 64960A-1 – 64960A-6.
  2. Phillip A. Laplante and Colin J. Neill, " Uncertainty: A Meta-Property of Software," 29th NASA/IEEE Software Engineering Workshop, Greenbelt MD, April 2005.
  3. R.S. Sangwan, R.S. Ludwig, P.A. Laplante and C.J. Neill. "Performance Tuning of Imaging Systems Through Pattern-Based Code Transformation," Proc. Ninth Real-Time Imaging Conference, San Jose, CA. January 2005.
  4. C.J. Neill, P. A. Laplante, "Leveraging object-orientation for real-time imaging," Proc. Real-Time Imaging Conference, SPIE, San Jose, January 2004.
  5. Phillip A. Laplante and Colin Neill, "A Class of Kalman Filters for Real-Time Image Processing," Proc. Real-Time Imaging Conference, SPIE, Santa Clara, January 2003, pp. 22-29.
  6. Phillip A. Laplante, Colin J. Neill and Craig Jacobs, "Requirements Specification Practices: Some Real Data," Proc. 27th NASA/IEEE Software Engineering Workshop, December 2002,pp. 121-128.
  7. Peter Wiesner and Phil Laplante, "Towards the Development of Career Roadmaps for Engineering Technology," Proc. Research Frontiers in Engineering Technology Perspectives and Paradigms, University of Houston, November 2002.
  8. Phillip A. Laplante and William Gilreath, "Single Instruction Set Architectures for Image Processing," Proc. Reconfigurable Technology Conference, part of ITCOM, SPIE, July 2002, pp 20-29.
  9. Phillip A. Laplante, Colin J. Neill and David Russell, "Object-Oriented Requirements Specification for Real-Time Imaging Systems," Proc. Real-Time Imaging Conference, SPIE, Seattle, July 2002, pp. 189-199.
  10. Colin J. Neill and Phillip A. Laplante, "Modeling Time in Object-Oriented Specifications of Real-Time Imaging Systems," Proc. Real-Time Imaging Conference, SPIE, Seattle, July 2002, pp. 200-206.
  11. Phillip A. Laplante and Colin J. Neill, "An Overview of Software Specification Techniques for Real-Time Imaging," Proc. Real-Time Imaging Conference, SPIE, San Jose, January 2002, pp. 55-64. 
  12. Phillip A. Laplante and Edward R. Dougherty, "Optimization Techniques for Real-Time Image Processing," Proc. IS&T/SPIE Symposium on Electronic Imaging: Science & Technology, San José, February 1995.
  13. Wolfgang Halang, and P. Laplante, "Meeting the Strict Real-Time Requirements of Distributed Continuous Multimedia Applications," Proc. IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Conference, San Antonio, October 1994, pp. 668-693.
  14. Phillip Laplante, "Issues in Real-Time Image Processing," Proc. IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Conference, Le Touquet France, October 1993, pp. 323-326.
  15. P. A. Laplante, D. Sinha and C. R. Giardina, "Application of the Extended Fuzzy Pointing Set to Coin Grading," Proc. IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Conference, Chicago, October 1992, pp. 1593-1596.
  16. Phillip A. Laplante, "A Real‑Time Image Processing Language?" Proc. NATO ASI on Real‑Time Computing, St. Marten, October 1992, pp. 593-594.
  17. P. A. Laplante, "What is the Effect of Object‑Oriented and Applicative Programming Languages on Real‑Time Systems?," Proc. Ninth IEEE Workshop on Real‑Time Operating Systems and Software, Charlottesville VA, May 1992, pp. 118-119.
  18. Phillip A. Laplante, and Divyendu Sinha, "An Architecture for Fuzzy Morphological Operations," Proc. Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XI: Neural, Biological, and 3-D Methods, vol. 1826, SPIE, Boston, November 1992, pp. 189-195.
  19. Phillip A. Laplante, "An Application of a Single Instruction Computer to Dilation and Erosion of Gray-Valued Images," Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XI: Neural, Biological, and 3-D Methods, vol. 1826, SPIE, Boston, November 1992, pp. 209-214.
  20. P. A. Laplante, "A Single Instruction Computer Architecture and Its Application in Image Processing," Proc. Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision X: Biological, Neural Net, and 3-D Methods, vol. 1608, Boston, November 1991, pp. 226-235.
  21. P. A. Laplante, C. R. Giardina and D. Sinha, "Image Processing Operations and Their Digital Signal Analogs," Proc. IEEE Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Los Angeles, October 1991, pp. 249-251.
  22. P. A. Laplante and D. Sinha, "Positional Logic and its Application to Database Systems," Proc. International Conference for Young Computer Scientists, Beijing, July 1991, pp. 486-489.
  23. C. R. Giardina and Phillip Laplante, "Extensions to the Fuzzy Pointing Set and Its Application to Artificial Intelligence," Proc. IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Conference, Boca Raton, November 1990, pp. 436-438.
  24. Phillip Laplante, "Allocation of Software Engineering Resources: Using the Engineering Assistant Efficiently," Proc. IEEE-USA Sixth Biennial Careers Conference, Melbourne FL, November 1989, pp. 75-76.
  25. P. A. Laplante, D. Sinha and C. R. Giardina, "Fast Dilation and Erosion of Time Varying Gray Valued Images with Uncertainty," Proc. Image Algebra and Morphological Image Processing II, vol. 1568, Boston, November 1991, pp. 295-302.

Editorials, letters, and reviews in refereed journals

  1. Phillip A. Laplante, Claudio DeMartini, Colin J. Neill, Fabrizio Lamberti,"Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Emerging Trends in Education -- Part I,"IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing, vol. 4, no. 3, September 2016.
  2. Phillip A. Laplante, Tom Jepsen, Joseph Williams and Fulvio Corno, "Editorial: Innovative and Disruptive Technologies," IT Professional, May/June 2013, pp. 4-5.
  3. Phillip A. Laplante, "Professional Licensure of Software Engineers," in Susan K. Land and Sorel Reisman, "Software Engineering Certification in Toda's Environment," IT Professional , May/June 2012, pp. 50-54.
  4. Thomas Costello, Phillip Laplante and Jeffrey Voas, "Editorial: NASA contributions to IT," IT Professional, pp. 2-3, 2012.
  5. Phillip A. Laplante, "Exciting Real-Time Location Applications," IT Professional, March/April 2011, pp. 4-5.
  6. San Murugesan and Phillip A. Laplante, "IT for a Greener Planet," IT Professional, January/February 2011, pp. 16-18.
  7. Phillip A. Laplante, Fevzi Belli, Jerry Gao, Greg Kapfhammer, Keith Miller, W. Eric Wong, and Dianxiang Xu, "Software Test Automation," Advances in Software Engineering, vol. 2010, online at http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ase/2010/163746.html.
  8. Mark T. Elmore, Frederick T. Sheldon, and Phillip A. Laplante "Introduction," Cyber Security and Information Intelligence Research Mini-Track, 43rd Hawaii Conference on Systems Sciences, January 5-8, Koloa, Kuaui, HI, 2010. On CD and in IEEE Xplore.
  9. Phillip A. Laplante, "Paranoid? Who Says I'm Paranoid?, IT Professional, July/August, 2009, pp. 4-5.
  10. Tom Costello and Phil Laplante, "Never Let a Serious Crisis Go to Waste," IT Professional, May/June 2009, pp. 71-72.
  11. Phil Laplante, "Test Automation: The Promise vs. the Reality," Technology Times, September 2008, page 11.
  12. Phillip A. Laplante, "Open Source: The Dark Horse of Software?," Computing Reviews online, http://www.reviews.com/hottopic/hottopic_essay_09.cfm, July 2008.
  13. Phillip A. Laplante, William W. Agresti, G. Reza, Djavanshir, guest editor's introduction, special section on IT Quality Enhancement and Process Improvement, IT Professional, November/December 2007, pp. 10-11.
  14. Phillip A. Laplante, Review of "Critical risks in outsourced IT projects: the intractable and the unforeseen," Taylor H., Communications of the ACM, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 74-79, 2006, in Computing Reviews, November 2006.
  15. Phillip A. Laplante, review of "Coping with an open bug repository,"Anvik J., Hiew L., Murphy G., Proceedings of the 2005 OOPSLA Workshop on Eclipse Technology eXchange, San Diego, California, Oct 16-17, 2005) 35-39. 2005, in Computing Reviews, April 2006, page 49.
  16. Phillip Laplante, "Internet2: The Other Information Super Highway" Technology Times, March/April, 2006.
  17. Phillip A. Laplante, review of "Software Process Improvement: It's a Journey, Not a Destination," by B. Hardgrave and D. Armstrong, Communications of the ACM, vol. 48, no. 11, pp. 93-96, 2005, Computing Reviews, 2006.
  18. Rastislav Lukac, Konstantinos Plataniotis, and Phillip A. Laplante, Introduction to Special Theme Section on Real-Time Color Imaging," Real-Time Imaging, vol. 11, December 2005, pp. 355-357.
  19. Phil Laplante, "More CIO Wisdom," Technology Times, October 2005, page 5.
  20. Phil Laplante, "Developing and Negotiating Win Win Sourcing Deals," Technology Times, August 2005, pp. 10.
  21. Phillip A. Laplante and Nasser Kehtarnavaz, guest editors' introduction, special theme Section on Real-Time Imaging," Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, vol. 2, March 2005.
  22. Phillip A. Laplante, review of "Tensions around the adoption and evolution of software quality management systems: a discourse analytic approach," Sharp H., Woodman M., Hovenden F., International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, vol. 61 no. , 2004, pp.:219-236, in Computing Reviews, vol. 46, no. 3, 2005, pp. 193.
  23. Phillip A. Laplante, "Review of Real-time garbage collection for a multithreaded Java microcontroller, Pfeffer M., Ungerer T., Fuhrmann S., Kreuzinger J., Brinkschulte U. Real-Time Systems 26(1): 89-106, 2004", Computing Reviews, vol. 45, no. 9, September 2004, page 574.
  24. Colin J. Neill and Phillip A. Laplante, "Waterfall Redux," Queue, vol. 2, no. 2, March 2004, pp. 8.
  25. Phillip A. Laplante, guest editor's introduction, special issue on Software Engineering, Real-Time Imaging, vol. 9, no. 6, December 2003, pp. 369-370.
  26. Adam Jackson, Mike Lutz and Phil Laplante, "Benchmarks are a Tricky Thing," Software, Vol. 20, No. 2, March/April 2003, pp. 8-10.
  27. Phillip A. Laplante, guest editor's introduction, special issue on Biocomputing, International Journal of Computer Research, 2002, pp. iii-v.
  28. Phillip Laplante and Alex Stoyen, Editorial, Real-Time Imaging, vol. 5, no. 6, December 1999, pp. 377.
  29. Phillip Laplante and Alexander Stoyen, Editorial, Real-Time Imaging, vol. 3, no. 4, August 1997, pp. 241.
  30. P. Laplante and Wolfgang Halang, "Preface to the Papers from the 1995 IFAC Workshop on Real-Time Programming," Control Engineering Practice, vol. 4, no. 10, October 1996, pp. 1417-1418..
  31. Phillip A. Laplante, Divyendu Sinha, and Alexander D. Stoyenko, guest editors' introduction, The Journal of Electronic Imaging, vol. 5, no. 4, October 1996, pp. 430-431.
  32. Phillip Laplante and Alex Stoyenko, Editorial, Real-Time Imaging, vol. 2, no. 3, June 1996, pp. 137.
  33. Phillip Laplante and Alex Stoyenko, Editorial, Real-Time Imaging, vol. 2, no. 2, April 1996, pp. 65.
  34. Phillip Laplante and Alex Stoyenko, Editorial, Real-Time Imaging, vol. 1, no. 3, August 1995, pp. 171-172.
  35. Phillip Laplante and Alex Stoyenko, Editorial, Real-Time Imaging, vol. 1, no. 1, April 1995, pp. 1-2.
  36. Phillip Laplante and Alex Stoyenko, Editorial, Real-Time Imaging, vol. 1, no. 6, December 1995, pp. 383-384.
  37. Phillip Laplante and Alex Stoyenko, Editorial, Real-Time Imaging, vol. 1, no. 5, November 1995, pp. 317-318.
  38. Phillip Laplante and Alex Stoyenko, Editorial, Real-Time Imaging, vol. 1, no. 4, October 1995, pp. 243-244.
  39. Phillip A. Laplante, guest editor's introduction, Real-Time Systems Journal, vol. 8, no. 3/4, March 1995, pp. 113-115.
  40. Phillip Laplante and Alex Stoyenko, Editorial, Real-Time Imaging, vol. 1, no. 2, June 1995, pp. 93-94.
  41. Phillip A. Laplante, "The Real-Time Imaging Dilemma," Editorial, Journal of Electronic Imaging, vol. 4, no. 2, July 1994, page 2.
  42. Phillip A. Laplante, Editorial, Computer, December 1993, pp. 75-76.

Book Reviews

  1. Phillip A. Laplante, Review of The Design of Design: Essays from a Computer Scientist, 2010, Addison Wesley by Frederick Brooks, in Computing Reviews, April 2010.
  2. Phillip A. Laplante, Review of Exploratory Testing in Practice, 2009, Addison Wesley by James Whittaker, in Computing Reviews, www.reviews.com, January 2010.
  3. Phillip A. Laplante, Review of Practical software estimation: function point methods for insourced and outsourced projects (Infosys Press) by ParthasarathyM., 2007, in Computing Reviews, January 31, 2008.
  4. Phillip A. Laplante, review of "Joel on Software," Joel Spolsky, APress 2004, in Computing Reviews, March 2006.
  5. Phillip A. Laplante, Review of Advances in Real-Time Systems, edited by Sang H. Son, in Control Engineering Practice, vol. 3, No. 11, November, 1995.
  6. Phillip A. Laplante, Review of Parallel Processing in Industrial Real-Time Applications, by Harold W. Lawson, IEEE Parallel and Distributed Systems, Nov. 1993, pp. 90. Also appeared in Computer, vol. 27, no. 4, April 1994, pp. 102-103 and in the Newsletter of the Task force on Engineering of Computer-Based Systems, vol. 2, no. 2, summer 1994, page 5.